SPFx and modern SharePoint search page for searching the current location

Modern SharePoint sites on standard release will soon receive an update to add a search box to the top Office 365 bar. This allows you to search by default in the current location, like a site or a document library.

modern SharePoint search
Top search box

You can then configure the site to redirect user’s search queries to a custom search page and you can use the amazing PnP Modern Search web parts to create a great search experience

But what if you want to pass the context of the current location to the custom search page and keep searching only on that location by default?

SharePoint Framework application customizer

To pass the context of the current location to the custom SharePoint search page you can create an SPFx application customizer that you can add to the Top placeholder and use it to redirect the user to the search page, passing the context as a URL parameter.

An implementation example may look like this, adding a button below the search box , but you are free to decide how your component will look

advanced modern SharePoint search

Update your Application Customizer class to use the following function to identify the source Url

private _getSrcUrl = (): string => {
    // set site url as default
    let url: string = this.context.pageContext.web.absoluteUrl;
    // if list or library and not Site Pages
    if (this.context.pageContext.list
      && this.context.pageContext.list.serverRelativeUrl
      &amp;&amp; this.context.pageContext.list.serverRelativeUrl.indexOf('SitePages') < 0) {

      if (this.context.pageContext.web.serverRelativeUrl !== '/') {
        // librarie's root folder
        const listUrlPart = this.context.pageContext.list.serverRelativeUrl.replace(this.context.pageContext.web.serverRelativeUrl, '');
        url += listUrlPart;
      } else {
        url += this.context.pageContext.list.serverRelativeUrl;
      }

    }
    return url;
  }


On the onClick event of the button, add the following code

const onClick = () => {
    // this.props.srcUrl contains the value returned from the previous function that was passed to the React component as a property
    let url = this.props.srcUrl &amp;&amp; this.props.srcUrl !== '' ? this.props.srcUrl : window.location.href;
    // get url parameters
    const href: any = new URL(window.location.href);
    // try to get relative path from id parameter - when exploring through views
    let relativePath = href.searchParams.get("id");
    if (!relativePath) {
        // try to get relative path from RootFolder parameter - when accessing the folder via direct URL
        relativePath = href.searchParams.get("RootFolder");
    }
    
    if (relativePath) {
        // if inside a folder, build the url to include the full path to the folder
        url = window.location.origin + encodeURIComponent(relativePath);
    }
    const w = window.open(`${customSearchPageUrl}?src=${url}`, '_blank').focus();
}

In summary, it generates a link to the search page and adds a src parameter with the current location. This needs to be done on the click event so that it always gets the correct location when exploring document library folders as the location is retrieved from the url on the document library (because of current issues related to this.context.application.navigatedEvent).

A sample url generated may look like this
https://contoso.sharepoint.com/sites/MySite/SitePages/Search.aspx?src=https://contoso.sharepoint.com%2Fsites%2FMySite%2FMyLibrary%2FMyFolder1%2FMyFolder2

Custom modern search page

I will not cover how to fully setup a custom search page using the PnP Modern Search web parts on this post. I will only cover how to use the location information available on the URL to limit the search scope.

To create search “zones”, we are going to use the Search Verticals web part. In the configuration, add two entries that use the same Result Source Identifier that contains all the results. Then on the “Current Location” vertical, set the query template to: {searchTerms} {?Path:”{QueryString.src}”}

Search Verticals configuration

The “Current Location” vertical will now only display results that have a Path value starting with the URL provided.
If you now test the solution (you can test just by adding different values to the src URL parameter) you will see that the results under “Current Location” are respecting the value provided.

The PnP Modern Search web parts are a great addition to your SharePoint sites. Not only they improve the search experience with the standard features, but they can only be configured to react to properties and configurations on your page.

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